What happened today in history, September 21
September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 101 days remaining until the end of the year.
What happened today in history, September 20
Up to 1900
1217 – Livonian Crusade: Estonian tribal leader Lembitu and Livonian tribal leader Kaupo are killed in the Battle of St. Matthew’s Day.
1327 – After rejecting the throne, King Edward II of England is murdered in Berkeley, Gloucester.
1435 – An agreement between Charles VII of France and Philip the Good ends the partnership between the English and Burgundy in the Hundred Years’ War.
1745 – A Hanoverian army is defeated at the Battle of Prestonpans by the Jacobites under Charles Edward Stuart.
1776 – Parts of New York City are burned shortly after being occupied by British forces.
1780 – Benedict Arnold gives the British the plans to West Point.
1792 – The National Convention in France abolishes the monarchy.
1843 – John Williams Wilson takes control of the Strait of Magellan, representing the newly independent Chilean government.
1846 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of Monterrey begins.
1860 – In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Palikao.
1896 – A British force under Horatio Kitchener takes Dongola, Sudan.
1898 – Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days’ Reform in China.
1901 – 2000
1921 – A storage silo in Oppau, Germany, explodes, killing 561 people.
1934 – A large typhoon hits western Honshu, Japan, killing 3,036 people.
1937 – J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit is published.
1938 – The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island, killing between 500 and 700 people.
1939 – Romanian Prime Minister Armand Calinescu is killed by ultranationalist members of the Iron Guard.
1942 – In Dunaivtski, Ukraine, the Nazis murder 2,588 Jews.
1949 – The People’s Republic of China established in Beijing.
1960 – The Flag of Panama is flown next to the Flag of the United States at the Panama Canal for the first time.
1961 – First flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
1964 – Malta becomes independent.
1965 – Gambia, the Maldives and Singapore join the UN.
1971 – Bahrain, Bhutan and Qatar join the UN.
1972 – Ferdinand Marcos declares Martial Law in the Philippines.
1976 – The Seychelles join the UN.
1981 – Belize is granted independence from the United Kingdom.
1984 – Sandra Day O’Connor is unanimously approved by the United States Senate to become the first female Justice on the United States Supreme Court.
1984 – Brunei joins the UN.
1989 – Hurricane Hugo hits the US state of South Carolina.
1991 – Armenia declares independence from the Soviet Union.
1993 – The Russian Constitutional Crisis of 1993 begins, as President Boris Yeltsin suspends parliament and scraps the then-functioning constitution.
1993 – A Tupolev Tu-134 aircraft is shot down by Abkhazian separatists near Sokhumi, Georgia.
1999 – An earthquake in Taiwan leaves 2,400 people dead.
2001 – 31 people are killed in a chemical explosion in Toulouse, France.
2003 – The Galileo mission is ended by sending the probe into Jupiter’s atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes.
2004 – In Dubai, building work begins on what would become the Burj Khalifa. It was opened on January 4, 2010 as the world’s tallest building, at a height of 828 metres.
2013 – Westgate shopping mall shooting: A shooting attack on a shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya, kills at least 68 people, and many people are taken hostage. Somali militant group Al-Shabaab claims responsibility.
2013 – An attack at a funeral in Sadr City, Iraq, kills at least 60 people.
2016 – A boat estimated to be carrying hundreds of people sinks off Alexandria, Egypt, and is believed to have killed most of those on board.
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