14 October in history.
October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 78 days remaining until the end of the year.
Events 14 October.
Up to 1900 14 October
1066 – Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings – In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the Norman invasion forces of William the Conqueror defeat the English army and kill King Harold II of England.
1322 – Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence.
1582 – Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1586 – Mary, Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Queen Elizabeth I of England.
1651 – Laws are passed in Massachusetts forbidding poor people from adopting excessive styles of dress.
1656 – Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against Quakers. The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the ritual-free Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.
1773 – The first recorded ministry of education, the Commission of National Education, is formed in Poland.
1773 – American Revolutionary War: Britain’s East India Company tea ships’ cargo is burned at Annapolis, Maryland.
1806 – Battle of Jena-Auerstädt.
1808 – The Republic of Ragusa is annexed by France.
1812 – A digest of Pennsylvania laws could not bring itself to print the word “buggery,” instead printing it as “B_GG__Y.”
1812 – Work on London’s Regent’s Canal starts.
1813 – Bavaria declares war on France.
1834 – In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
1835 – John Templeton, John Moore, Stanley Cuthbart and Ellen Ritchie were charged in Wheeling, Virginia illegally teaching blacks to read.
1840 – Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta.
1843 – The British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O’Connell for conspiracy to commit crimes.
1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Bristol Station – Confederate General Robert E. Lee forces fail to drive the Union Army out of Virginia.
1865 – Cheyennes and Arapahos signed a treaty the U.S. at a camp on the Little Arkansas River in Kansas. However, none of the parties to the treaty abided by it.
1878 – The first football match under flood lights is played in Sheffield, England.
1881 – 189 fisherman are killed in a storm off Eyemouth, Scotland.
1882 – The University of the Punjab is founded in a part of India that is now part of Pakistan.
1888 – French inventor Louis Le Prince films the “Roundhay Garden Scene”, the earliest-surviving motion picture in Roundhay, Leeds, England.
1901 – 1950 Edit
1910 – The English aviator Claude Graham-White lands his Farman biplane on the Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, DC.
1912 – While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former US President Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper William Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt still delivers his scheduled speech.
1913 – The Senghennydd Colliery disaster kills 439 people in South Wales. It is the UK’s worst mining disaster.
1913 – The New Mexico Supreme Court upholds a sodomy conviction. Ex Parte DeVore, 136 P. 47.
1915 – World War I: The Kingdom of Bulgaria joins the Central Powers.
1916 – Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee Universities refuse to play against a black person.
1920 – Part of Petsamo Province is ceded by the Soviet Union to Finland.
1925 – Anti-French uprising in French-occupied Damascus, Syria.
1926 – The children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published.
1927 – The California Court of Appeals, in upholding a sodomy conviction, rules that corroborative evidence could be circumstantial in nature.
1933 – Nazi Germany draws from the League of Nations.
1939 – World War II: The German U-boat U 47 sinks the battleship HMS Royal Oak in Scapa Flow, Orkney.
1940 – The Balham Underground Station Disaster occurs in London during the Luftwaffe raids on the city.
1942 – Canadian passenger ferry Caribou is torpedoed off Newfoundland by German U-boat U-69.
1943 – José P. Laurel becomes President of the Philippines.
1944 – World War II: Given the choice between a public treason trial and a certain death by firing squad or suicide honor, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel chooses the latter.
1947 – Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 faster than the speed of sound, the first man to do so in level flight.
1949 – Eleven leaders of the U.S. Communist Party are convicted, after a nine-month trial, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. government. Ten defendants are sentenced to 5 years in prison each, and the eleventh to 3 years. The Supreme Court upheld the convictions on June 4, 1951.
1951 – 2000 14 October
1952 – Korean War: UN and South Korean forces launch Operation Showdown against Chinese strongholds in the Iron Triangle, resulting in the deadliest battle of 1952.
1953 – The Qibya massacre was carried out by Israeli troops in a West Bank village.
1955 – Jim Henson creates Kermit the Frog.
1955 – Vienna’s Burgtheater theatre re-opens, after World War II.
1957 – Elizabeth II opens an annual session of Canada’s parliament.
1958 – The Anshai Emath Reform Jewish Temple in Peoria, Illinois was damaged by a crude bomb.
1958 – The U.S. conducts an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site.
1958 – The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept black Americans as members.
1960 – U.S. presidential candidate John F. Kennedy first suggests the idea for the Peace Corps.
1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis begins: A U-2 flight over Cuba takes photos of Soviet nuclear weapons being installed.
1964 – Leonid Brezhnev becomes general secretary of the CPSU and leader of the Soviet Union, ousting Nikita Khrushchev.
1964 – American civil rights movement leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
1966 – The city of Montreal inaugurates its metro system (see Montreal Metro).
1967 – Vietnam War: Folk singer Joan Baez is arrested in a blockade of the military induction center in Oakland, California.
1968 – Vietnam War: 27 soldiers are arrested at the Presidio in San Francisco for their peaceful protest of stockade conditions and the Vietnam War. Charged mutiny, their long prison sentences are later reduced to two years.
1968 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will be sending about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
1969 – Olof Palme becomes Prime Minister of Sweden.
1969 – The United Kingdom introduces the 50 pence coin.
1970 – The U.S. conducts an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site.
1971 – Two people are killed in a Memphis, Tennessee race riot.
1971 – The U.S. conducts an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site.
1973 – In the Thammasat Student Uprising over 100,000 people in Thailand protest against the Thanom Kittikachorn military government. 77 are killed and 857 are injured by soldiers.
1979 – The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C. demands “an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people,” drawing 200,000 people.
1981 – Citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial, Amnesty International charges the U.S. government holding Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner.
1981 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected President of Egypt one week after Anwar Sadat was assassinated.
1982 – Ronald Reagan declares War on Drugs.
1983 – Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada, is overthrown and later executed in a military coup d’état.
1985 – U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese says in U.S. News & World Report, “If a person is innocent of a crime, then he is not a suspect.”
1987 – 18-month-old Jessica McClure (“Baby Jessica”) falls down an abandoned well in Midland, Texas (her nationally televised rescue takes 58 hours).
1991 – Aung San Suu Kyi wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
1994 – Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat win the Nobel Peace Prize.
1998 – Eric Robert Rudolph is charged 6 bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.
1999 – The South Carolina Supreme Court rules that the video poker machines in the state must be unplugged by June 30, 2000.
From 2001 14 October
2001 – Delta Flight 458 from Atlanta to Newark, New Jersey, is diverted to Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, and passengers are taken off the flight while officials investigate a report of two “Middle Eastern men” making threats in a foreign tongue. It turned out to be two Orthodox Jews who were praying peacefully.
2003 – Gyude Bryant becomes interim President of Liberia.
2006 – The UN imposes sanctions against North Korea for its nuclear weapons test on October 9.
2010 – Mark Rutte becomes Prime Minister of the Netherlands.
2010 – The 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi end.
2012 – Felix Baumgartner becomes the first person to free-fall faster than the speed of sound, as he jumps from the stratosphere over Roswell, New Mexico.
2017 – A bomb attack in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu kills over 350 people.
2017 – The first commercial flight lands on the South Atlantic island of Saint Helena, coming from Johannesburg (South Africa) via Windhoek (Namibia).
2019 – Esther Duflo becomes the youngest and second female winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, sharing it Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer.
2019 – In Spain, long jail sentences are given to several politicians from Catalonia for their part in planning the Catalan independence referendum, 2017.
2019 – 2019 Chilean protests: Major protests begin in Chile over fuel and transport prices and inequality.
Observances 14 October
National Education Day (Poland)
Nyerere Day (Tanzania)
World Standards Day
Mother’s Day (Belarus).
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